Botox has been approved for several very different uses since receiving its first FDA approval to treat eye muscle disorders in 1989. Although it’s most famous for smoothing forehead wrinkles, the cosmetic injectable is surprisingly versatile.
Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox Cosmetic) is a protein complex produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, which contains the same toxin that causes food poisoning. When used in a medical setting as an injectable form of sterile, purified botulinum toxin, small doses block the release of a chemical called acetylcholine by nerve cells that signal muscle contraction.
Before we discuss the other uses of Botox, we’ll start with its signature wrinkle-eliminating abilities. After the FDA approved Botox to smooth wrinkles in 2002, women and men alike have been flocking to plastic surgeons to receive forehead injections, as it is the undisputed king of fighting forehead wrinkles and frown lines. Today, even young women and men in their twenties are getting preventive Botox injections to fight the signs of aging early on.
A timeline of Botox uses:
- 1989: Botox receives FDA approval to treat blepharospasm (uncontrollable blinking) and strabismus (misaligned eyes).
- 2000: Botox receives FDA approval for the treatment of dystonia, a neurological movement disorder that causes severe neck and shoulder contractions.
- 2001: Botox receives FDA approval for the treatment of cervical dystonia (CD), a condition characterized by head tilting, neck pain and muscle spasms.
- 2002: Botox receives FDA approval for aesthetic use to reduce the severity of frown lines for up to 120 days.
- 2004: Botox receives FDA approval to treat the symptoms of severe underarm sweating.
- 2010: Botox receives FDA approval for the treatment of increased muscle stiffness in the elbow, wrist and fingers in adults with upper limb spasticity.
- 2010: Botox receives FDA approval to treat headaches associated with chronic migraine.
- 2013: Botox receives FDA approval to treat adults with urinary incontinence with neurological conditions, including multiple sclerosis (MS) and spinal cord injury.
Want to learn more about Botox and other cosmetic fillers, like Restylane, Perlane and Juvederm, and injectables, like Dysport? Contact Palm Beach Plastic Surgery to schedule a consultation today at (561) 833-4122.